Carpet Yarns and Fibers (continued)

Of the three most popular yarns Olefin is the least expensive to produce and can represent and excellent flooring value.  The dyeing process of olefin occurs while it is still in a liquid state, before it is extruded into filaments.  This means that the color saturates each filament giving it superb stain resistance and is very easy to clean.  Olefin is very resistant to alkali, solvents and acids and is fade resistant to the sun.

Olefin does not have the resilience or the ability to bounce back of other yarns and will mat or pack more quickly. Olefin is mostly used in level loop or very short tight commercial carpets where the loop structure and density of the yarn construction help offset matting.  The loop provides strength to the yarn and with its built in stain resistance and price make it a great value for an active family.

Polyester yarns are our next category. Polyester yarn can be dyed before the extrusion process, like olefin, or after the extrusion process.  If the yarn is dyed after the extrusion process the filaments are only coated with dye and it does not run through the body.  This dye process may not provide the same quality of stain and soil resistance as the prior dye process.  Polyester yarn has increased resilience over olefin and is used in Saxony plushes and velvets.

Nylon is the third synthetic yarn and is very popular today. Nylon filaments are dyed after the extrusion process as well. Most spills, when cleaned up quickly, will have little effect on color.  Nylon yarns have superb resilience and resistance to abrasion and matting.  Nylon is similar to wool in its feel, softness and texture. These combined with excellent resilience makes a great yarn.

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